Baby Brachial Plexus Injury

Baby Brachial Plexus Injury rehabilitation in London – Baby Paediatric Physiotherapy treatment in London, at Home or at our Practices in Belgravia Westminster SW1 or Clapham SW4 near Battersea with our physiotherapist specialised in brachial plexus injuries

Our baby paediatric physiotherapist in London is specialised in Baby and Children Injuries such as Brachial Plexus Injury following a difficult birth.

Brachial Plexus Birth Injury, also known as brachial plexus injury, is an injury to the brachial plexus nerves that occurs in about one to three out of every 1,000 births. The nerves of the brachial plexus may be stretched, compressed, or torn in a difficult delivery which can result in a loss of muscle function, or even paralysis of the upper arm (Erb’s Palsy) or lower arm (Klumpke’s Palsy).

At Baby Physio London, our paediatric physiotherapist is specialised in Brachial Plexus Injury for babies and children of all ages. She has years of experience and extensive training in neuro paediatric physiotherapy. She will assess your baby with specific tests in order to determine the severity of the brachial plexus injury and to tailor a rehabilitation program for the child that will be ludic and fun while efficient. The goal will be to either recover fully, or to give the child the best use of their arm and shoulder, as well as to stimulate them.

The earliest our paediatric physiotherapist can assess your child and his/her brachial plexus injury, the better the outcome will be.


Online booking is only available for our practice in Belgravia, near Victoria station. If you wish to be seen in another practice or couldn’t find a convenient time slot, please call our office for help booking your appointment.

If you are an Axa or Bupa patient, you cannot book online. Please call our office with your authorisation number.


Paediatric Physiotherapy treatments and rehabilitation for Babies Brachial Plexus Injury in London at home or at our practices in Belgravia SW1 (Westminster) and Clapham SW4.

We fully understand that your baby might feel safer and more comfortable in your home. This is why we offer paediatric physiotherapy treatments for Brachial Plexus Injuries at your place in London. If you do prefer coming to one of our practices, we also offer treatment and rehabilitation at the Light Centre Belgravia SW1 in Westminster near Victoria Station and in Clapham SW4 between Clapham South and Clapham Common Stations.

We are covered by most health insurances and are Bupa recognised and AXA PPP recognised.

For Babies Brachial Plexus Injury Treatment and Rehabilitation appointments in London at home or at the clinic: 0207 125 0262 / 0782 455 3765

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Baby Brachial Plexus Injuries and paediatric physiotherapy treatments

How is a Brachial Plexus Injury determined by our physiotherapist for babies in London?

Our physiotherapy rehabilitation for babies and infants with brachial plexus injuries always starts with an assessment of the motor function of their arm and shoulder. In order to determine if the child is suffering from a brachial plexus injury, our paediatric physiotherapist will go through a series of tests and examinations, using specific technics and grading systems that will establish the baby’s ability or inability to use certain of their muscles.

Brachial Plexus Injury Treatment with our Paediatric Physiotherapist in London

Depending on the severity and the type of the brachial plexus injury, some babies will be able to heal with help of physiotherapy and its specific treatments program (including motion activities, exercises, stretching…).

On the other hand, some babies might need to go through surgery in the first place in order to heal completely. In that case, and to obtain full recovery, physiotherapy will be very helpful post-surgery.

What is the goal of our Infant or Baby Brachial Plexus Injury physiotherapy rehabilitation in London ?

The goal of physiotherapy is to help infants develop their muscles in the affected area and eventually go on to have full use of the damaged arm, hand and/or wrist.

How often should be the sessions for Baby Brachial Plexus Injury rehabilitation ?

Ideally, the more often possible and mainly at the beginning of the rehabilitation when the baby is young. 2 sessions per week with the physiotherapist at the beginning, then 1 to 2 per week. It is possible to reduce the number of physiotherapy sessions if the family is willing to help with the stimulation and mobilization between each appointment.


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More Information about baby or infant Brachial Plexus Injuries (Neurapraxia, Erb’s Palsy and Klumpke’s Palsy)

What is the brachial plexus?

The brachial plexus is a range of nerves located between the neck and shoulders, which controls the muscles function in the chest, shoulder, arms and hands and the sensibility in the upper limbs.

What is brachial plexus birth injury?

Brachial Plexus Birth Injury is an injury that can appear during childbirth – and more specifically during a difficult delivery, where the nerves of the brachial plexus are being stretched, compressed or torn.

Depending of the severity of the injury, the consequences can be a loss of muscle function or even paralysis of the upper arm. A Brachial Plexus Injury can affect all or only a part of the brachial plexus, such as the upper brachial plexus (muscles of the shoulder and elbow) or the lower brachial plexus (muscles of the forearms and hand).

What are the Symptoms of Brachial Plexus Injuries?

Appearing quite shortly after childbirth, the symptoms include:

  • Weakness in one arm
  • Loss of feeling in the arm
  • Partial or total paralysis of the arm
  • No moto reflex on the affected side
  • No movements or limited ones on the affected side
  • Claw-like hand appearance
  • Abnormal muscle contractions, which may become permanent (even after treatment options)

The Causes of Baby Brachial Plexus Injuries

One of the most common causes of baby or infant brachial plexus injuries includes an excessive stretching and the use of force, either manual or with tools such as forceps or ventouse during a difficult delivery.

Other causes can include:

  • Breech birth (when the baby is born bottom first instead of head first)
  • Heavy and large baby (called fetal macrosomia)
  • When the baby’s head is delivered but the shoulders remain stuck in the mother’s pelvic area (which makes the physician use force in order to pull the baby out before they start suffering from asphyxia or any other dangerous medical complication)
  • Maternal diabetes
  • Underdeveloped muscles in the neck
  • Maternal obesity

The different types of Baby Brachial Plexus Injuries

  • Neurapraxia: mild type of injury occurring on the peripheral nervous system in which there is temporary loss of muscle function and sensitivity
  • Erb’s Palsy: paralysis of the arm due to an injury in the upper brachial plexus
  • Klumpke’s Palsy: partial palsy of the lower brachial plexus

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